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Ygyde (A. Nowicki & P. Hassel-Zein) 2002

Ygyde es un lingua auxiliar con radices de syllabos in duo litteras. Le formation de vocabulos depende del agglutination de iste radices. Le nomines de litteras del alphabeto de Ygyde e le constantes scientific se forma con solo duo litteras. Le nomines de variabiles con quatro. Substantivos pro uso nomines proprie o personal usa sex litteras. Assi defuty (grande nove pais) pote significar le Statos Unite de America, e wemapy (belle feminin persona) significa un femina. Altere parolas comencia con un vocal que es sequite per un consonante, etc. Le vocales functional son prepositiones composte de un littera. Le numeros, le colores, le pronomines, assi como adjectivos e substantivos commun, e le altere prepositiones son formate per tres litteras. Omne altere parolas son de cinque o septe litteras. Illos son parolas composte del junction de un prefixo vocal con duo o tres syllabos. Per exemplo, le adjectivo aniga (corrupte) es formate per le combination de un prefixo (adjectival) con un syllabo ni (secrete) e le syllabo ga (moneta). Le nomine ofyby (pan) es facite per le combination del prefixo o (substantivo) con le syllabo fy (spuma) e le syllabo by (alimento). Le verbo igugo (vaporisan) es construite per le combination del prefixo i (verbo) con le syllabo gu (liquido) e le syllabo go (gas).


Important note - This page is out of date as of March 1, 2011. Check the link to the ygyde website at the bottom of the page (external links) for the most current information about ygyde.


Ygyde is an international auxiliary language created by Andrew Nowicki and Patrick Hassel-Zein. Andrew Nowicki invented its prefix table in 2002 and kept refining Ygyde until 2007. Patrick Hassel-Zein made most of its grammar in 2002. The word Ygyde in the Ygyde language means "noun simple language".

Ygyde is a unique oligosynthetic language because it crams record number of different meanings into two letters long morphemes. These morphemes are the building blocks of Ygyde. There are 90 adjective morphemes (listed in the following adjective table) and 90 noun morphemes (listed in the following noun table). The adjectives and the nouns have identical spelling and pronunciation. They are distinguished by the first letter of the compound word, which is called prefix. The key concept that defines Ygyde is its prefix table which describes how the compound words are constructed. The following table is a simplified prefix table. According to the table, the prefix determines whether the compound word is an adjective, a noun, or a verb. The prefix also determines which morphemes are taken from the adjective table and which ones are taken from the noun table. The prefix table makes it possible to cram record number (180) of different meanings into two letters long morphemes.

SIMPLIFIED PREFIX TABLE
prefix length
of word
(number
of letters)
class
a
5
Adjectives are made of letter a followed by one morphemefrom the adjective table, followed by one morpheme from the noun table.
a
7
Adjectives are made of letter a followed by twomorphemes from the adjective table, followed by one morpheme from the noun table.
e
5
Adjectives are made of letter e followed by two morphemes from the noun table.
e
7
Adjectives are made of letter e followed by onemorpheme from the adjective table, followed by two morphemes from the noun table.
y
5
Nouns are made of letter y followed by onemorpheme from the adjective table followed by one morpheme from the noun table.
y
7
Nouns are made of letter y followed by twomorphemes from the adjective table, followed by one morpheme from the noun table.
o
5
Nouns are made of letter o followed by two morphemes from the noun table.
o
7
Nouns are made of letter o followed by onemorpheme from the adjective table, followed by two morphemes from the noun table.
u
5
Verbs are made of letter u followed by onemorpheme from the adjective table, followed by one morpheme from the noun table.
u
7
Verbs are made of letter u followed by twomorphemes from the adjective table, followed by one morpheme from the noun table.
i
5
Verbs are made of letter i followed by two morphemes listed in the noun table.
i
7
Verbs are made of letter i followed by onemorpheme from the adjective table, followed by two morphemes from the noun table.
ADJECTIVE TABLE
morpheme adjective morpheme adjective
ba aba = top be abe = wild
by aby = smelly bo abo = hairy
bu abu = dead bi abi = optical
pa apa = alive pe ape = happy
py apy = owned po apo = caring
pu apu = hungry pi api = similar
da ada = front de ade = different
dy ady = middle do ado = pretty
du adu = gained di adi = political
ta ata = dangerous te ate = slow
ty aty = old to ato = ephemeral
tu atu = rich, expensive ti ati = repeating
ga aga = lost ge age = stationery
gy agy = simple go ago = atmospheric
gu agu = wet gi agi = geological
ka aka = weak ke ake = dirty
ky aky = brittle ko ako = artistic
ku aku = burning ki aki = massive
wa awa = sticky we awe = cellular (living cell)
wy awy = slippery wo awo = rotating
wu awu = chemical wi awi = genetic
fa afa = elastic fe afe = cold
fy afy = lightweight fo afo = long
fu afu = dry fi afi = feminine
za aza = strong ze aze = idle
zy azy = warm zo azo = high
zu azu = inner zi azi = narrow
sa asa = bottom se ase = sharp
sy asy = bad so aso = big
su asu = prolonged si asi = electric
ja aja = sexual je aje = masculine
jy ajy = sonic jo ajo = mobile
ju aju = rear ji aji = clean
ca aca = false, no, not, distorted, blurred ce ace = religious
cy acy = safe co aco = legal
cu acu = new ci aci = changing
ma ama = good me ame = true, yes, high fidelity
my amy = outer mo amo = attractive
mu amu = fast mi ami = mental
na ana = complex ne ane = medical
ny any = repulsive no ano = busy
nu anu = short ni ani = secret
la ala = opposite le ale = physical
ly aly = random lo alo = small
lu alu = mathematical li ali = philosophical

</TR

NOUN TABLE
morpheme noun morpheme noun
ba yba = astronomical object be ybe = plant
by yby = food bo ybo = animal
bu ybu = sickness bi ybi = anatomical part of a multicellular plant
pa ypa = anatomical part of a multicellular animal pe ype = relationship
py ypy = person po ypo = parent
pu ypu = child pi ypi = sibling
da yda = name de yde = language
dy ydy = text do ydo = picture
du ydu = knowledge di ydi = publication
ta yta = war te yte = organization
ty yty = country to yto = business
tu ytu = manager ti yti = trade
ga yga = money ge yge = environment
gy ygy = light, radiation go ygo = gas
gu ygu = liquid gi ygi = pump
ka yka = valve ke yke = soft solid
ky yky = rigid solid ko yko = shape
ku yku = tube ki yki = rod
wa ywa = tape we ywe = sheet
wy ywy = surface wo ywo = disk
wu ywu = torus wi ywi = helix
fa yfa = ball fe yfe = powder
fy yfy = foam fo yfo = fiber
fu yfu = textile fi yfi = garment
za yza = container ze yze = furniture
zy yzy = room (building part) zo yzo = building
zu yzu = city zi yzi = hole
sa ysa = concavity se yse = protrusion
sy ysy = part so yso = group
su ysu = fastener si ysi = tool
ja yja = craftsman je yje = machine
jy yjy = engine jo yjo = vehicle
ju yju = road ji yji = place
ca yca = address ce yce = communication
cy ycy = net co yco = expert
cu ycu = technology ci yci = manipulation, processing
ma yma = detector me yme = recorder
my ymy = separation mo ymo = fusion
mu ymu = chip, electronic circuit mi ymi = software
na yna = calculation ne yne = science
ny yny = force no yno = work
nu ynu = distance ni yni = path, trajectory
la yla = angle le yle = unit
ly yly = number lo ylo = atom
lu ylu = abstraction li yli = no meaning, absurd

Examples of the Ygyde compound words:
aniga (corrupt) = a (adjective) + ni (secret) + ga (money)
ofyby (bread) = o (noun) + fy (foam) + by (food)
igugo (to vaporize) = i (verb) + gu (liquid) + go (gas).

Another remarkable feature of Ygyde, which is also present in Sona language, is the fact that most of its predefined words are derived from a small set of "core" morphemes which in Ygyde are its 90 adjective morphemes. This feature, combined with the fact that Ygyde colors and numbers follow easy to remember patterns, and the fact that nearly all Ygyde words are compound words, has mnemonic advantage. This mnemonic advantage is not based on words borrowed from European languages, so Ygyde, unlike euroclones, is culturally neutral.

External links Edit

Ligamines, Links, Ligoj.

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