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The Unified Latin Alphabet (ULA) is an alphabet that uses only letters defined in Basic Latin in Unicode and represents 26 of the most common phones as close as possible to IPA.

System Symbols
Unified Latin Alphabet a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
IPA a b ʃ d e f g h i j k l m n o p ʒ r s t u v w x ə z

Design principlesEdit

A phonetic alphabet (ordered set of assignments of phones to graphemes) where

  1. each letter is part of the Lowercase Latin alphabet as defined in "C0 Controls and Basic Latin" (http://unicode.org/charts/PDF/U0000.pdf)
  2. each phone is represented in IPA (https://www.internationalphoneticassociation.org/sites/default/files/IPA_Kiel_2015.pdf) by one character
  3. each letter represents one phone
  4. each letter that represents a phone from one of the groups "vowels", "consonants (pulmonic)" in IPA, represents a phone from the same group
  5. each phone is represented by the IPA letter, if the IPA letter is from the Lowercase Latin alphabet, (= a phone that is represented by a Basic Latin letter in IPA should only be assigned to that letter)

PhonemesEdit

VowelsEdit

There are six vowels: "a e i o u y". 67% of the languages in wals.info only have up to six vowels. http://wals.info/chapter/2

Vowel table
Front Central Back
Close i u
Mid e /ə/ ‹y› o
Open a
  • subcolumns: first is unrounded, second is rounded
  • cells: characters as in IPA; those that have a non-ASCII character are marked red

SemivowelsEdit

Two semivowels: "j w".

ConsonantsEdit

18 consonants.

Consonant table
Bilabial Labio-
dental
Alveolar Post-
alveolar
Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m   n      
Stop p b   t d     k g  
Fricative   f v s z /ʃ/ ‹c› /ʒ/ ‹q›   x h
Trill     r        
Approximant (w)   l   (j) (w)  
  • subcolumns: first is unvoiced, second is voiced;
  • cells: characters as in IPA; those that have a non-ASCII character are marked red

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